The temple Angkor Wat is a Hindu temple in the Cambodian province Siem Raep, and this temple is seen as the biggest religious monuments in the world. The temple is an important remnants from the Khmer empire period (802 – 1431). The temple laid in the capital of the empire that is called Angkor these days, but by the Khmer people it was called Yasodharapura.
The temple Ankor Wat is build between 1113 and 1145, during the reign period of King Suryavarman II and it’s the biggest temple with levels of South Asia. The maximal hight of the temple is 65 meters, and it has a surface of 1 km².
Suryavarman first wanted to build it as his state temple and eventual mausoleum, but instead Angkor Wat was dedicated to Vishnu (is the Vedic Supreme God in Hinduism). As the best-preserved temple at the site, it is the only one to have remained a significant religious centre since its foundation – first Hindu, then Buddhist. It has become a symbol of Cambodia.
The Modern name, Angkor Wat, means “Temple City” or “City of Temples”. In Khmer; Angkor means “City” or “Capital City”. Wat ids the Khmer word for “Temple Grounds”.
The design and construction of the temple took place in the first half of the 12th century, during the reign of Suryavarman II. After the kind died the temple was left unfinished. About 27 years after his death, Angkor was ruined by the Chams; enemies of the Khmer. Then the empire was restored by a new king, Jayavarman VII, who established a new capital and state temple a few km to the north: Angkor Thom and the Bayon.
Angkor Wat slowly moved from Hindu to Buddhist in the late 13th century, which it still is today. Even though Angkor Wat was somewhat neglected after the 16th century, it was never really abandoned.